Physical Infrastructure

  •  Physical Infrastructure
  • Airports

    • The state has six domestic airports, located at Agra, Prayagraj, Gorakhpur, Kanpur, Lucknow and Varanasi.
    • International flights operate from Chaudhary Charan Singh International Airport, Lucknow, and Lal Bahadur Shastri Airport, Varanasi.
    • New airports have been proposed at Shrawasti and Kushinagar districts.Out of seven proposed Airports, Agra, Prayagraj and Kanpur have been completed; only Meerut, Moradabad, Ayodhya and Bareilly are yet to be completed. Apart, a new airport in Greater Noida, (Jewar) is also under process.
    • The Government of Uttar Pradesh is planning to develop an international airport between Agra and Mathura.
    • Proposed Airports on PPP model –
      • Agra in the vicinity of DMIC to provide facility of dry-cargo transport along with aircraft maintenance hub and
      • Kushinagar in eastern Uttar Pradesh to promote industrial development and tourism
    Source : *Airports Authority of India


    • The railway network in Uttar Pradesh is the largest in the country and railway density is nearly twice (40 km) the national average of 20 km per 1000 sq km of area.
    • The state is well-connected to other parts of the country by a railway network spanning over 8,800 km at the end of the year 2011-12*.
    • The major sectors and industries serviced by the railways include agriculture, cement, fertilizers, coal and manufacturing.
    • Various parts of the state are catered to by five of the 17 railway zones in India. These are Northern Railways, North Eastern Railways, East Central Railways, North Central Railways and West Central Railways.
    • Lucknow is the main junction for the Northern and North Eastern Railways.
    • Intra-state rail network is well-developed, connecting the towns and the district headquarters of Uttar Pradesh.
    • The Delhi Metro Rail links Noida and Ghaziabad with Delhi.
    Source : Indian Railways, CMIE


    • Yamuna Expressway is a six lane (extendable to eight lanes), 165-km long, controlled-access expressway, connecting Greater Noida with Agra.
    • Agra-Lucknow Expressway is a 302.222 Km long 6 Lane (Expandable to 08 lane) Access Controlled (Greenfield) Expressway with 08-lane wide structures for future expansion of the expressway to 08 lane.
    • The state is well-connected to its nine neighbouring states and other parts of India through 48 national highways.
    • The length of national highways running through the state accounts for about 8.5 per cent of the total national highway (NH) length in India.
    Road type Road length (km) as of March 2011
    National Highways 11737 KM
    State Highways 7,325 KM
    Other district roads 52, 531 KM
    Rural roads 2,59,332 KM
    Total road length 3,36,806 KM
    Source : Ministry of Road Transport & Highways, Directorate of Economics & Statistics, Government of Uttar Pradesh
    Note: NHAI - National Highway Authority of India, Uttar Pradesh Public Works Department latest data


    • Uttar Pradesh had a total installed power generation capacity of 14,375.3 MW, comprising 5,472.2 MW of state share, 5,250.6 MW of central share and 3,652.6 MW of private share.
    • The installed power generation capacity in the state increased from 14,375.3 to a new horizon from 2016 onwards.
    • The state is in the process of implementing and testing the public–private partnership model in the power sector with an input-based franchisee system.
    • Multiple power projects are being mooted. Dopaha (3x660MW) in the Sonebhadra district and Jawaharpur (2x660MW) in the Etah district are under active consideration and other thermal projects under construction are Bara, Karchana and Yamuna Expressway Power Projects. There are 10 hydro power generation projects being undertaken at various places in Uttar Pradesh.
    • Thermal power project of 2x250MW capacity will be set up at Gonda.
    • Su-Kam won a large scale rural electrification project under Lohia Awas Project to install and commission solar power systems in 40,000 rural households in Uttar Pradesh*.
    • In the 2019-20 budget, the state government proposed 26,503 Crore for various energy schemes.

    State-owned power companies

    Uttar Pradesh Rajya Vidyut Utpadan Nigam Limited (UPRVUNL) Power generation (thermal)
    Uttar Pradesh Jal Vidyut Nigam Limited (UPJVNL) Power generation (hydro)
    Uttar Pradesh Power Corporation Limited (UPPCL) Power transmission
    Paschimanchal Vidyut Vitran Nigam Limited (PVVNL) Power distribution
    Purvanchal Vidyut Vitran Nigam Limited (PuVVNL) Power distribution
    Madhyanchal Vidyut Vitran Nigam Limited (MVVNL) Power distribution
    Dakshinanchal Vidyut Vitran Nigam Limited (DVVNL) Power distribution


    • The Uttar Pradesh circle has good telecom infrastructure, with all the major players providing services in the state.
    • According to Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI), Uttar Pradesh has a total telecom subscriber base of 127.1 million, which includes nearly 125.7 million wireless subscribers and 1.3 million wire-line subscribers, with a tele-density of 57.3 percent.
    • The state has a vast postal circle (17,667 post offices) divided into six regions: Prayagraj, Agra, Bareilly, Gorakhpur, Kanpur and Lucknow.

    Telecom Infrastructure

    Wireless connectionsM 125,737,263
    Wire-line connections 1,343,208
    Broadband subscribers 612,550*
    Post offices 17,667
    Telephone exchanges# 3,213*
    Teledensity (in per cent) 57.3
    Source : Telecom Regulatory Authority of India, Department of Telecommunications, Annual Report 2012-13, Ministry of Communications and Information Technology, India Post ( website that opens in a new window), #Includes Uttarakhand.

    Major telecom operators in Uttar Pradesh

    • Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL)
    • Bharti Airtel
    • Idea Cellular
    • Vodafone Essar
    • Aircel Ltd
    • Reliance Communications
    • Tata Teleservices
    Source : Telecom Regulatory Authority of India