Social Infrastructure

  • Social Infrastructure
  • Education

    • The state has 45 universities, 10 deemed universities and 37 medical colleges.
    • In 2017-18, there were 6,681colleges in the state.
    • Numerous universities in the state have excellent departments of engineering. The Banaras Hindu University at Banaras, founded in 1916, is one of the oldest universities in the country.
    • Uttar Pradesh was one of the first few states to have successfully implemented the "education for all" policy. The state has made investments towards enhancing the standard of education across different levels.
    • The state has a good presence of private players in the education sector. Amity University in Noida has emerged as one of the biggest private universities in India.
    • In the budget for 2020-2021, the state government allocated Rs. 783 crore for basic education, expansion of education and improvement of its quality.
    • According to the data of Census 2011, Uttar Pradesh has a literacy rate of 67.7 per cent; the male literacy rate is 77.3 per cent and the female literacy rate is 57.2 per cent.

    Source: Page-611 of Varshiki-U.P. (Section- UP at a glance)

    Educational Infrastructure

    Universities 45
    Colleges 6,681
    Medical colleges 36
    Polytechnics 425
    Primary schools 164,319
    Upper primary schools 80, 583
    Higher Secondary Schools 25,896

    Major educational institutes in Uttar Pradesh are as follows:

    • Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur.
    • Indian Institute of Management, Lucknow.
    • Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh.
    • Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology,Prayagraj.
    • Asian Academy of Film and Television, Noida.
    • Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar.
    • Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi.
    • National Institute of Technology (NIT), Prayagraj.
    Category Literacy rate (%)
    Total 67.7
    Male 77.3
    Female 57.2


    • The state has a three-tier public healthcare infrastructure, comprising primary health centres (PHCs), health units, community health centres (CHCs) and sub-centres
    • The state had 20,521 sub-centres, 3,692 PHCs, 515 CHCs, 152 district hospitals and 133 mobile medical units (MMU) to provide a range of preventive and curative healthcare services.

    Health infrastructure

    Medical colleges 100
    District hospitals 152
    Primary health centres 3,692
    Sub centres 20,521
    Community health centres 515
    Ayurvedic hospitals 1,774
    Unani hospitals 210

    The state government allocated Rs. 23,884 Crore in 2019-20 for various medical healthcare and family welfare schemes.

    Source: Budget details of Uttar Pradesh for 2019-20.

    Health indicators (2016)

    Parameter Uttar Pradesh
    Government hospital beds per 100,000 population 28.2
    Birth rate 26.2
    Death rate 6.4
    Infant mortality rate 34
    Life expectancy at birth (year)
    Male (2010-14) 64.1
    Female (2010-14) 64.1

    Source: Page 125 of Varshiki-U.P. (Section Social Demography).