A fertile terrain of the Gangetic plain, the sprawling State spread over in 2,40,928 sq. km. area, touches the Himalayan foothills to the north and the Vindhya ranges to the south, surrounded by the states of Uttarakhand, Haryana, Delhi, Rajasthan, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh and the country of Nepal.
It is the land which is glorified by the stream of Indian spirituality i.e. the great Ganges & Yamuna and the footprints of legends like Ram-Krishna-Buddha-Jain Tirthankars & Sufi Saints and the sites associated with them.
- The climate of the state is tropical monsoon, but variations exist because of difference in altitudes.
- The Tropical Monsoon climate is marked by three distinct seasons:
- Summer (March–June): Hot & dry (temperature rise to 45 °C, sometimes 47-48 °C); low relative humidity (20%); dust laden winds.
- Monsoon (June–September): 85% of average annual rainfall of 990 mm. Fall in temperature 40-45° on rainy days.
- Winter (October–February): Cold (temperature drop to 3-4 °C, sometimes below -1 °C); clear skies; foggy conditions in some tracts.